Greening the Sahara desert and surrounding area.
Water for crops and fresh fish
to 2 billion people before 2030
Please see the FAQ below, and you are welcome to also submit any questions.
A water pipe 12 meters in diameter, with a cross area of 113 m2, and with a minimal flowrate of 8 meter/sec. carries it around 30 kilometres per hour.
At a depth of 200 meter below sea level, the earth's temperature retains 16 degrees Celsius in middle-therms.
The transportation of water only adds 200 watts of heat energy to each cubicmeter in total, traveling over a distance of nearly 10,000 km.
It will withdraw energy, from the earth's inner core of 7.8 GW per day, the total travelling time is around 2 weeks from end to end.
The Arctic water from snow and glaciers has a temperature going from 2 to 12 degrees Celsius depending on the time of year.
Water from this project will deliver evaporation energy in the desert with around 25,000 GW per day. If all farming facilities use the aquapond system, we could keep the minimum of evaporations to 55 million tonnes of water per day.
Water from the Norwegian mountains, goes to large hydro power stations, often located near sea level, and after the energy is withdrawn, it exits out to the Norwegian Sea, and gets mixed with saltwater.
The country’s power plants have lot to gain, if we add an additional height of fall at their hydropower plants, this is estimated to finance the collector pipelines in Norway, with an estimated payback period of 15 years.
Fot the stability of water delivery there exists over 60 years of documentation, and the Norwegian government is able to provide proof of stability/guarantee, with a suitable freshwater overcapacity for this project.
Temperatures in the African desert, often reach 40Co, and make it hard for most living things, animal, plant and humans.
The sun's radiation heats up the ground with 1120 W/m2 +/- 5% per hour, or 2800 kWh/m2 year. And with suitable farming techniques, it will be possibly to reduce the near ground heat energy, to below 1200 kWh/m2 year.
The Sahara area is 9.2 million km2, and the amount of yearly rain is limited to only 100 - 150 mm per year, depending on actual locations. It does not come consistently throughout the year, but is concentrated to some short rain periods.
The effect of delivering a great amount of freshwater to this area will not only be limited to the new farmland area, but give living conditions for plants and animals in at least twice as great an area.
Some examples of commended questions, from the readers
Please see the FAQ below
You are welcome to ask some more questions.
Farmland in northern Africa, and Saudi Arabia is estimated to consist of more than 400 aquapond farms, with an area of 1.000 hectares of land (3150 meter X 3150 meter, or 1784 meter in radius). The distance between each farm will generally be 50-100 km.
The farm constructions must be provided with a decent micro climate, and be covered with Mylon plastic coated with reflecting film, to block 35% of the Sun radiation, or a reduction of 300 W/m2.
Deployment cost for this aquapond system still needs to be calculated, and we look to the readers to come up with some reasonable ideas, and cost estimates.
Growing efficiency, is scheduled to give 10 kg/m2 of vegetables, and 1 kg. of fish per square meter.
Water estimate will be 4 part/liter of water going to produce 1 kg of food. 1 liter will evaporate from the installation, and by the cooling-system – 2 liter will evaporate from the plant/vegetables itself. And finally 400 gram will be recovered, and used for drinking water.
Cost of using water from this pipeline will be able to be lower than 1 cent per produced kilo of human food. In considerations the Worldbank we accept a project payback time of 100 years.
Daily food production will exceed 20 million tons, divided in an area of 5,500 km, this in itself will give 1.5 billion daily meals, consisting of up to 14MJ – divided between vegetables and fish to; Fat-energy 200g, carbohydrate 560g, protein 480g and finally dietary fibre at 140 gram.
The other ½ billion, will be able to cultivate crops, because of the great rise in rain at night, when the temperature drops, and the day's evaporated 55 million cubic meter of water will condense, and fall like rain.
Estimated micro climate change in the array of the desert region will be in a radius around each farm, to have a transportation of watervapour to fall between 500 to 700 kilometre away, depending on wind direction, and speed of the clouds. And it is estimated more than 5,500,000,000 m2 will get a daily 10 mm rain.
Please see the FAQ below, and you are welcome to also ask some questions.
Greening the desert - Over time, when a larger part of the desert again will be green, it will accelerate climate change and also bring in more water from the Mediterranean sea together with the North Atlantic Ocean water. We need to run some more models, and hope to get help from international weather forecast centres, to run some good prediction calculations.
Patricia Espinosa, UN Climate chef
She speak here to the Norwegian population about the upcoming changement, not will be a success if not the all world population joint together, and she also come with a great recommendations at organisations like us, joint and let things happened.
Many great things will not be developed by government’s a big firms, but in the movement of people, their joint their ambitions, will and a minimum of work force.
For nonrevenue-earning projects, forecasts may be limited to annual expenditures during implementation and the first two years of full operation in order to demonstrate the annual investment commitments required by the Borrower, the recurrent financial costs of O&M
Quote; “WorldBank” Ref rapport: Financial sustainability recovering costs water projects
Ext. Guinea, had a project financed 100% by the Worldbank WSS plan, by a covering period of 10 years. The diagram below do show the cost, over time like a Nonrevenue-earning water prosjekt.
The average WSS tariff was equivalent to US$1.02/m3 by 10 years ago
The plan the organisation “Water For Life” work with today, include delivery of near 500 million cubic-meter fresh water delivered to the northern Africa each year in the further.
We need now to build a suitably team to make the preparations work to internaliser this project
– and here do we request your help.
So we look for individual person, and university, organisations and firms their see the advance to make a difference for great deal of the world population.
We “Water For Life” is formed like a organisations, register in the Norwegian Register “The Broennoeysund Register Center” with non-profit goals,
but of course extensional cost must be covered at some way.
We will honer all dissipater in this project, by name/certificate and share in this peoples
Water For Life project..
Pleas see under the FAQ, and you is welcome to also come with some question..
Link to partners;
To writ in this blog like anonym use: firstname.lastname@example.org and password: 123456
WHO - final rapport: INTERNATIONAL DECADE FOR ACTION "WATER FOR LIFE" 2005-2015
UN - Water for life
© Copyright. All Rights Reserved.